Tuesday, 4 September 2012

Protists ' The Ancestors of All Plants and Animals '

Protists are single cell organisms with a nucleus like our own cells. They appeared more than a billion years ago and are the ancestors of all plants and animals. Protists come in amazing shapes and colors. Protists have unusual names such as acantharians, coccolithophores, dinoflagellates radiolarians or diatoms. Some can be seen with the naked eye, but most are microscopic. 
The world of protists is immense – millions of different species – but is often overlooked. In appearance and behavior protists are the most diverse of all living things. Some are big eaters, swallowing other cells thanks to their exceptionally
flexible membranes. Others use specialized organelles called chloroplasts to carry on photosynthesis like plants. 
There are also protists that behave like plants and animals at the same time. Protists build shells around their membrane from all sorts of material, including silicates, calcium, strontium or cellulose. They were the first architects of the planet. 
For a billion years, their tiny shells have been sinking to the bottom of the sea, building mountains. These deep sea mountains formed the continents. Today we can find fossilized protist shells in the stones of houses and cathedrals.

"Complex chemical molecules began to clump together to form microscopic blobs: cells.These were the seeds from which the tree of life developed.They were able to split, replicating themselves - as bacteria do. And as time passed they diversified into different groups. Some remained attached to one another so that they formed chains. We know them today as algae." 

The Evolution of a New Species Richard Dawkins explains how microscopic algae called Diatoms uniquely evolved in Yellowstone Lake.

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